Person-job fit across the work lifespan: the case of classical ballet dancers
This study examines how employees assess demands-abilities and needs-supplies across their work lifespan, and how they better adjust to their work. Based on person-environment fit theory, the job design and the lifespan literatures, and using interviews with a sample of 40 professional ballet dancers, our research shows how the interplay between demands, abilities, needs, organizational resources, and regulation strategies contributes to a process of adjustment, and consequently enhances psychological well-being across the work lifespan. Additionally, we contribute to literature on well-being by presenting evidence of how organizational resources are perceived differently across the work lifespan and why. We also extend theory on job crafting by showing that crafting is partly a function of the phases of one's lifetime and by presenting evidence of forms of crafting among older workers. With increased longevity, individuals will need to remain working or recraft a career after reaching retirement age. Addressing age-related changes and considering the importance of organizational resources to well-being can help promote active aging.
Filipa Rocha Rodrigues, Filipa Castanheira, Nova School of Business and Economics, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Carcavelos, Portugal
Miguel Pina e Cunha Fundação Amélia de Mello Professor of Leadership, Nova School of Business and Economics, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Carcavelos, Portugal
P. Matthijs Bal, University of Lincoln, Lincoln, United Kingdom
Paul G. W. Jansen, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
Published in Journal of Vocational Behavior
This work was funded by National Funds through FCT – Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia under the project Ref. UID/ECO/00124/2013 and by POR Lisboa under the project LISBOA-01-0145-FEDER-007722.