17. Partnerships for the goals
The purpose of this report is to make a description of the income inequality and poverty in Portugal nowadays and throughout the last decades and comparing it with other European countries, in order to reach conclusions about the effectiveness of the policies that have been used to tackle these problems. Information from important working papers on the subject is used, as well as databases such as Pordata and the World Inequality Database. Historically, income inequality does not display the same path as other Western countries, staying high for most of the 20th century, falling after the establishment of democracy in 1974 and increasing from the 1980s, with globalization. In Portugal, the elderly and the young are the most exposed to poverty, as well as singleparent families and families with three or more children. In addition, Madeira and Azores are the regions that presentthe highest values of income inequality and poverty. Portugal is amongst the most unequal and poorest European countries. Concerning government intervention, direct taxes have been the policy with the highest efficacy in reducing income inequality, while social transfers are the most efficient.
Student Authors: Carlos Oliveira, Diogo Roberto, Henrique Santos, Francisco Vale and Joana Leitão
This content was originally published in Nova Economics Club website.
We all have a role to play
With just ten years to go, an ambitious global effort is underway to deliver the 2030 promise. We want to take a stand and we are calling on our community to showcase how they are contributing to the 17 Sustainable Development Goals, whilst influencing more and more people to unravel their role to play.
Here, you will find four different ways your ideas can flourish, dialogue can be enhanced, and action can take place. You can choose one or all four, and Nova SBE will be there to support you all the way and guarantee tangible change.
We all have a role to play, and this is your way in.